Tip 2: Avoid clutter in the background (cars, debris, furniture, etc): If you’re photographing a person and want them to stand out as in a portrait, the results are better most of the time if you try to avoid clutter in the background. In the above example the metal steps and railing make the photo look a little too busy, with the subject getting little lost in the clutter. In the second shot (example on the right), the subject is more pronounced. Sometimes the simple remedy is to look to either side of you and see if there is an area with clear wall or brick, stucco, wood or look for a grassy field, etc. If there are few options, consider squatting down and shooting up which gives you a plain blue or gray sky, or put the subject in a squat pose shooting down in the middle of a parking lot or empty street giving you a cool gray grunge background. You can also open up the lens aperture which blurs the background regardless of where you are. Blurring the background by opening up the aperture means to go lower in number on the aperture ring f4 or less, giving you a nice bokeh (blurred background) as in the example below. F1.2 or f1.4 can be so gorgeous. There are some mobile apps that allows you to set aperture. Here is one: http://phoblographer.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Manual-camera-app.jpg This leads me to a related subject.
When purchasing equipment, it is best to put your money in the lens rather then the camera; especially if you use the big names like Nikon, Canon, etc. The lenses fit all old and future cameras and are expensive but you will always have them…they are an investment. Cameras change every year or so but you always have the lens. A lens that can open up to f1.4 (wide aperture to allow the most light through) can give you some gorgeous results. For example:
As always, if you have questions I’ll be happy to answer them. Thanks!